How many of us aware of the term “bone marrow”? The term “marrow” depicts a spongy tissue that is present in the cavernous interior among the long bones. In an adult, the large bones are generally responsible for producing blood cells. The bone marrow is made up of 4% of the total body weight. Check into the bmt cost in India before availing any kind of treatment related to it as it may vary.
It Is One of the Most Important Parts of the Human Body
One of the most important parts of the human body is the bone marrow. You can find a lot of flexible tissues that make up the hollow interior bones. Those flexible tissues are called bone marrow. If a person is affected by a certain disease related to the bone marrow, then the ultimate solution to the problem is to have a bone marrow transplant.
Bone Marrow Transplant in India treatment has advanced with the latest advancement of the medical science. This has given a hope to many who are suffering from the related disease to have a better life after the transplant.
People suffering from the related diseases of bone marrow are required to have a bone marrow transplant. There are different kinds of transplant that one can go through depending on the type of disease. The cost of the transplant is also dependant on the nature of the transplant that the person needs to undergo. The Bone Marrow Transplant in India cost can also vary from the different packages that are involved in the hospital.
The Different Systems in a Bone Marrow
The bone marrow is generally divided into the following parts:
- The Red marrow-this is the part which is responsible for producing red and white blood cells along with platelets.
- The Yellow marrow-the general fat cells are the main constituents of this parts.
Apart from the above-given parts, one can find a lot of capillaries and blood vessels passing through the marrow. In the earlier stages, the color of the marrow mainly remains red. But as we get matured the red marrow generally changes its color to become yellow.
The Functions of a Bone Marrow
Now that you are aware of the different parts of a bone marrow it is time that you know about the different functions of it. You may have studied that RBC, whose lifespan is around 170 days is the main carrier of oxygen to the different parts of the tissue. The platelets which generally originate from the megakaryocytic cells prevent unnecessary bleeding in case of any accidents or cut. It is also responsible for clotting of the blood during a cut.
The basophile, neutrophils, and macrophages are together known as myeloid cells. These together form the Granulocytes. This protects the body from the attack of the different fungus and bacteria. This is also responsible for the removal of dead cells from the body enhancing the formation of new blood cells.
Diseases That Can Affect Your Bone Marrow
There are certain diseases that are present which are capable of causing harm to your bone marrow.
Few of the diseases are mentioned below:
- multiple myeloma
- myelodysplastic syndrome
What Is a Stem Cell?
There are lots of immature cells that are present around the bone marrow. These immature cells are responsible for the formation of new blood cells and are popularly known as stem cells.
What Is a Bone Marrow Transplant?
A process which is done for the introduction of healthy bone marrow cells into the body in order to replace the damaged cells is known as a bone marrow transplant.
The Different Types of a Bone Marrow Transplant
There are different types of transplant that one can undergo depending on the type of disease that he or she is affected with.
The Autologous Bone Marrow Transplant
This is the type of transplant in which the cells which are recovering in the body of the patient are recovered and treated. After the recovery processes of the cells are done, the patient undergoes high doses of chemotherapy. After the completion of the chemotherapy process, the new cells are injected into the body of the patient in an intravenous manner.
The Allogenic Bone Marrow Transplant
This type of bone marrow transplant requires a donor to transplant the new stem cells to the body of the patient. It is important for the donor to have a genetic match with the patient in order to undergo a successful transplantation. There is numerous blood cell related tests are conducted in order to introduce the genetic relationship between the donor and the patient.
Benefits of a Successful Transplant
A lot of things get involved when discussing the point of the benefits of a successful transplant. Few factors that come into consideration are:
- The type of cancer the patient was affected by
- The percentage of match of between the patient and the donor
- The type of transplant that the patient has undergone
After a successful transplant, the related disease can be brought under control. Depending on the success of the transplant the patient generally gets back to a normal life within a few months or a year.
Nowadays it is important for people to be aware of the certain diseases that are related to the bone marrow. Bone marrow is an important part of the human body and any such issues should not be neglected. People should also be very much aware of the certain symptoms that these diseases show so that they do not delay in order to receive proper treatment. The advancement of medical science has made it possible for persons getting affected with the bone marrow related diseases to engage themselves in a bone marrow transplant. The main criterion for the transplant is to have a donor who will be interested in donating their bone marrow to the affected. With the latest advancement transplantation has now become easier. Though the related cost seems high, a successful transplant can save the life of the affected.