Most homes that are sturdily built are on equally solid foundations. The same holds true for our feet and body. If you suffer from sacral joint pain, lower back stiffness, or discomfort, the reason may go beyond mere muscle pain and tension. In fact, the issue could be right under your nose – namely in the alignment of your feet. While you may not experience pronounced foot pain, your feet could still be causing your back to hurt.

Foot Problems Can Lead to Major Health Conditions

Orthopaedic studies over the years have concluded that about 80 per cent of people have foot issues. Whether they feel the effects or not, they usually, at some point in time in their lives, experience lower back pain. Therefore, improper foot alignment may cause a range of problems, including sacral joint pain, sciatica, back pain, hip joint pain, sway back, postural problems, and joint tightness. If the feet are not properly aligned, people can also suffer from knee pain, osteoarthritis, pelvic imbalance, and disc bulges. Recurring headaches can be attributed to poor foot posture as well.

That is why Foot Posture – podiatry in Melbourne is a popular medical specialty. The basis for better understanding the anatomy of the foot, as well as what can be done to reduce many health maladies, including foot pain and discomfort, is found in the foot alignment, or posture. The foot itself is made of 33 joints, 26 bones, and over 100 muscles, ligaments, and tendons. It is also sectioned into three parts. These divisions are represented as follows:

  • The hind foot, ankle bone, and heel bone
  • The mid-foot and five irregular bones in the arch
  • The forefoot, metatarsals, and toes

Plantar Flexion

The foot can move in one of varying ways. For example, a plantar flexion of the ankle happens when you stand on your tiptoes. If you sit with your legs directly in front of you, a plantar flexion of the ankle occurs when you point the toes.


Dorsiflexion happens when you stand on your heels while the balls of the feet are elevated off the floor. If you are in a sitting position, dorsiflexion occurs when you push the heels away and pull the toes toward you.

Supination and Pronation

Supination happens when you stand with your body weight rolled onto the outer edge of the foot. Alternatively, pronation occurs when you lift the outer edges of the feet while standing, then collapse the arches.


Given the varying ways people use their feet, assuming the correct stance is imperative. According to one study conducted by podiatric professionals, an average person walks about 9,000 steps each day. Therefore, a lot of movement in the bones, muscles, and tendons regularly takes place. As a result, many people over-pronate, which leads to all types of aches and pains.

By seeing a podiatry specialist, you can correct the foot alignment issues that lead to maladjustments in other parts of your body. A specialist can teach you how to stand and walk on your feet, correctly. He or she can also assist you in building muscle strength. By taking this approach, you won’t have to rely on foot aids such as insoles. These types of podiatric accessories only mask a foot issue instead of fixing it.